Ethiopia has an extreme water crisis situation ~ according to US Aid
While Ethiopia has relatively abundant water resources, it is considered water-stressed due to rapid population growth over the last decade. Unpredictable rainfall and the shortage of existing water-related infrastructure have many regions of the country in extreme water scarcity, degraded water quality and chronic food insecurity.
The people in Ethiopia's Somali Region's project intervention areas are living under serious clean water shortage conditions. Drinking water is not safe since it is not protected from surface contamination and people drink this untreated water.
Almost all the project and surrounding areas believe that existing water currently in use causes serious health problems, and the community is highly susceptible to most easily preventable diseases.
It was also found that around 70% of the health problems affecting adults are either endemic disease prevailed by waterborne or water-related. Similarly, 80% of the diseases, which often attack children, are either waterborne or related to water (poor exercise of sanitation & hygiene).
According to the district health offices' clinical records, diarrheal diseases, pneumonia, neonatal disorders, and undernutrition are the results of lack of clean water which are closely associated with the leading killers of children under five and the elderly.
Area: Berano District, Somali Region
Solution: Rehabilitation of traditional hand-dug wells by raising from the ground and locating closer to each community
11,000 people - Cost of $5.27 per person