Pumping shallow groundwater involves digging or drilling by hand and forming the well using bricks and concrete materials. Involves the installation of a low-cost hand-operated pump or an electric or solar-powered system.
The water can be open to contamination. Shallow wells can be reliant on seasonal discharge from rain. Therefore the water source can tend to fail during periods of low rainfall.
Manual borehole drilling is an excellent method used to tap into shallow water.
Cost & Impact: Low cost, simple and cost-effective.
Shallow water generally refers to depths up to 20 metres
Protective fencing of shallow well before apron and pump installation
Installation of the splash apron
Shallow well hand pump installation
Hand pump and life giving water
Protected and pumping safe water ready for use
Shallow well complete ready for community use