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Pumping shallow groundwater involves digging or drilling by hand and forming the well using bricks and concrete materials. Then, it involves installing a low-cost hand-operated pump or an electric or solar-powered system.

The water can be open to contamination. In addition, shallow wells can be reliant on seasonal discharge from rain. Therefore the water source can tend to fail during periods of low rainfall.

Manual borehole drilling is an excellent method used to tap into shallow water.

Cost & Impact: Low cost, simple and cost-effective. 

Project Locations: Uganda & Malawi

Fig.1 Hand dug well with hand pump.PNG

Shallow water generally refers to depths up to 20 metres

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