Shallow water generally refers to depths up to 20 metres
Low cost hand pumps can be installed and involves digging by hand and should involve forming up the well using materials such as bricks and concrete. A hand operated pump can be installed or a small solar powered system.
Cost & Impact: Low cost, simple and cost effective. The water can be open to contamination. Shallow wells can be reliant on seasonal discharge from rain, therefore the water source can tend to fail during periods of low rainfall.
Shallow wells are dug by hand up to 120ft
Shallow wells are lined for reinforcement
Lined well complete before apron
Protective fencing of shallow well before apron and pump installation
Installation of the splash apron
Shallow well hand pump installation
Hand pump and life giving water
Protected and pumping safe water ready for use
Shallow well complete ready for community use