In India, contaminated drinking water, polluted river water and unsafe well water remain a major cause of morbidity and mortality in rural areas with 1.8 million deaths per year being attributed to water-borne disease. The victims are rural women and children living in villages and hamlets due to seasonal diseases caused by contaminated drinking water.


Most rural water supply schemes in India use a centralised, supply-driven approach i.e. a government institution designs a project and has it build with little community consultation and no ownership or training provided to the community, often requiring no water fees to be paid for its subsequent sustainability.  Therefore working with partner CBO's to supply a safe water supply in rural areas, particularly tribal areas, and to build community capacity transforms lives.

BridgIT partners with two Indian CBO's who work in conjunction with each other, Sri K. Pitchi Reddy Educational & Welfare Society (SPREAWS) and Rural Development Society (RDS).  They work for the empowerment of tribal people and other indigenous marginalised groups in the Kadapa District of Andhra Pradesh both in rural and urban areas.

SPREAWS and RDS provide services to the Kadapa district and the slums of Kadapa City.  The target populations are from the lowest strata of the socio-economic group. Partners provide various inputs with their target villages such as leadership building, management systems, problem-solving tools through training programs. 

Indian water scarcity village

Area:  Kadapa District of Andhra Pradesh State


Beneficiaries:  10 x rural villages. Women and children walking 2-3km to collect unsafe water from open wells on the outskirts of the villages creating water disputes.  Tribal lower caste rural slum region.


Scope: Construction of wells equipped with hand pumps located centrally each village


Cost per Village Well:  US$2,000


Impact:  6,500 people


Cost / Person:  $3.00

Indian water scarcity village

Area:  Kadapa District, Andhra Pradesh State


Beneficiaries:  30 x rural villages each with a School - Currently drinking water from irrigation ditches & streams used both by animals and people.  Target groups are indigenous, marginalized & lower caste.


Scope: Construction of shallow wells equipped with hand pumps located centrally each village


Cost per Well:  US$1,500


Impact: 24,400 people


Cost / Person:  $1.80